美术高考

中央美术学院2017年美术学专业校考考题

时间:2017年03月06日 来源:美术高考网 整理:湖南美术高考网

   中央美术学院2017年美术学专业校考考题

   美术鉴赏

  一、围绕“以人文为志业”的主题,阐述考生个人与人文学科发生的因缘(40分)。

  二、就以下两件作品中的任一件撰写赏析文章(60分)。

  要点:

  1.独立成文,自主命题和命意;

  2.在观察、分析基础上合理表述;

  3.形式不拘(论说文、解说词、对话体或者咏画诗等等均可)。

  注意:

  1.赏析作品图像由考场提供并投影放映;试卷将提供图片的黑白版;

  2.不要在答题中透露任何有关考生的具体家庭信息;

  3.本试题不设标准答案,切忌陈词滥调,鼓励独抒己见。

  作品1:《捣练图》,美国波士顿美术馆藏,绢本设色,纵37厘米,横145.3厘米。原属圆明园收藏,一般认为是宋徽宗赵佶的摹本。

  此卷原无款识,北宋亡后进入金朝宫廷,金章宗完颜璟用瘦金体题“天水摹张萱捣练图”,上下两边四角都有金章宗收藏印。清初为著名学者高士奇所藏(卷首书“高江邨清吟堂秘藏”)。1912年5月,时任美国波士顿美术馆东方部部长的冈仓天心从北京一位满清贵族手上购得,同年8月入藏波士顿美术馆。

  捣练,亦即捣素、捣衣,古代妇女协力的日常农织劳作,由夏入秋这一特定时节的生产习惯。具体地说,布料上浆捶捣,称“捣练”;成衣上浆捶捣,称“捣衣”。“练”是一种较为精细的丝帛原料,生衣,是指没有经过浆、捣的织物所制之衣;熟衣的衣料则由经过浆、捣等更精细的过程加工的衣料制成,更适合穿着。

  作者简介:

  张萱(公元8世纪)〔唐〕京兆(今陕西西安)人,生卒年不详。玄宗开元十一年(723)与杨升、杨宁同时任史馆画直。工画人物,以擅绘贵族妇女、贵公子、婴儿、鞍马名冠当时。所画妇女惯用朱色,晕染耳根为其特色。又善以点簇笔法,画亭台、树木、花鸟等宫苑景物,点缀妍巧,俱穷其妙。尝以“金井梧桐秋叶黄”之句画《长门怨》,甚有思致。画迹有《明皇纳凉图》《整妆图》《卫夫人像》等47件,著录于《宣和画谱》。传世作品有《捣练图》卷(为赵佶摹本),现藏美国波士顿美术馆;和《虢国夫人游春图》卷(为宋摹本),从艺活动约在开元、天宝年间。

  作品2:《沉睡的吉普赛姑娘》 (The Sleeping Gypsy,1897)布面油画,129.5 x 200.7 cm,美国纽约现代美术馆(MoMa)

  Henri Julien Félix Rousseau ( May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was a French post-impressionist painter in the Naïve or Primitive manner. He was also known as Le Douanier (the customs officer), a humorous description of his occupation as a toll collector. Ridiculed during his lifetime by critics, he came to be recognized as a self-taught genius whose works are of high artistic quality. Rousseau's work exerted an extensive influence on several generations of avant-garde artists.

  The Sleeping Gypsy (French: La Bohémienne endormie) is an 1897 oil painting by Henri Rouseau. It is a fantastical depiction of a lion musing over a sleeping woman on a moonlit night.

  Rousseau first exhibited the painting at the 13th Salon des Indépendants, and tried unsuccessfully to sell it to the mayor of his hometown, Laval. Instead, it entered the private collection of a Parisian charcoal merchant where it remained until 1924, when it was discovered by the art critic Louis Vauxcelles. The Paris-based art dealer Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler purchased the painting in 1924, although a controversy arose over whether the painting was a forgery. It was acquired by art historian Alfred H. Barr Jr. for the New York Museum of Modern Art.

  Rousseau described his painting as follows: "A wandering Negress, a mandolinplayer, lies with her jar beside her (a vase with drinking water), overcome byfatigue in a deep sleep. A lion chances to pass by, picks up her scent yet do-es not devour her. There is a moonlight effect, very poetic."

  作者简介:

  亨利·朱利安·费利克斯·卢梭(Henri Julien Félix Rousseau,1844年5月21日-1910年9月2日),法国稚拙派或“原始主义”派画家。出生于法国西北部的拉瓦尔市。父亲朱利安·卢梭是马口铁工匠。青年时期他当过军乐队队员,后离开巴黎做了海关官员。

 

  《沉睡的吉普赛姑娘》是一幅富有异国情调的作品。这个情节发生在沙漠之中,一个黑皮肤的吉普赛女郎,身上穿着东方式的服装,身旁放着一只水坛,平静地进入了梦乡。一只狮子恰好路过此地,在她身上嗅个不停,但并没有吃掉她。在月光的笼罩下,夜的气氛充满了诗情画意。